Tuesday, 13 February 2018

Grade 7 Social Studies - Week of February 12 to 16

On Friday, February 16th, the final three Current Events (in the 1-20 duotangs) are due.  Students had time in class to complete the work, however, they should review their work.  The following assignments must be completed:
  • China Implements Full Ivory Ban
  • Canada Launches Complaint
  • Flu Season in Canada
I encourage parents to work on these Current Events booklets with their child throughout the year:
  • have discussions with your child and assist them in broadening their answers to the questions
  • check your child's work for spelling mistakes, and have your child correct them
  • check your child's work for proper punctuation
  • make sure that your child has used capital letters at the beginning of all sentences, as well as with the names of specific places and people
This contribution can help your child to recognize where he or she is making common mistakes.  By correcting those mistakes, he/she can hand in the best possible work which will help to achieve a better grade in Social Studies.

Thursday, 25 January 2018

Grade 7 Social Studies - Week of January 22 to 26

This week, we are completing our sixth chapter from the textbook.  Students will be handing in their duotangs for grading on Monday, February 5th.  

On Monday, February 5th, we will have our Chapter 6 Test about Becoming Canada.  The following items will be tested:

Vocabulary:
  • Chateau Clique
  • deadlock
  • discrimination
  • Family Compact
  • haven
  • Legislative Assembly
  • liberator
  • Lower Canada
  • Ninety-two Resolutions
  • Patriotes
  • quarantine
  • reformers
  • refugee
  • responsible government
  • Seventh Report on Grievances
  • United Empire Loyalists
  • Upper Canada
  • traitor
Also, know the following people, events, concepts or places:
  • 1791 – the Constitutional Act divided Canada in two:
    • land west of the Ottawa River became Upper Canada & the governing body in this area was known as the Family Compact
    • land east of the river (the old colony of Quebec became Lower Canada & the governing body in this area was known as the Chateau Clique
  • 1812 – Britain & the United States couldn’t get along because:
    • Americans wanted control of British colonies
    • British had stopped the Americans from trading with the French
    • Britain was kidnapping Americans to serve in the British Army
    • British supported First Nations in their struggle for land
  • 1812 – War began with the United States & Britain was concerned about loyalty in British North America for the following reasons:
    • Americans outnumber the British & are not loyal to Britain
    • Atlantic colonies depended on Americans for trade along the coast
    • it had only been 50 years since the French had lost New France, so they might fight to get it back for themselves—not for the British
    • Loyalists had come for cheap land & might not show loyalty to Britain
    • many colonists were American & might not fight for Britain
  • 1812 – During the war of 1812, two key battles took place in York (present day Toronto) and Washington:
    • American soldiers used the following battle tactics:
      • burned down government buildings
      • fired cannons
      • looted shops & houses
    • British soldiers used the following battle tactics:
      • burned down United States government buildings
  • 1815 to 1850 – The Great Migration
    • people left Britain because of a lack of jobs
    • more than 800 000 immigrants came from England, Scotland, Wales, & Ireland
    • most of the immigrants ended up in Halifax, Quebec, Montreal, & Upper Canada
    • many people got sick and died on the journey across the Atlantic Ocean so that the boats became known as “coffin ships”
  • 1833 – Britain banned slavery in all of its colonies
    • word passed among slaves in the southern United States: Canada was a safe haven & “land of promise” for slaves
    • many runaway enslaved people fled north via the Underground Railroad
  • 1837 – Rebellion in Lower Canada
    • led by Joseph Papineau after the British government rejected all of the Patriotes demands
  • 1837 – Rebellion in Upper Canada
    • led by William Lyon Mackenzie with Reformers who wanted to overthrow the government
  • 1838 – Lord Durham
    • sent from Britain to investigate the cause of the rebellions
    • recommended that Upper & Lower Canada be given one united government
  • 1841 – The Act of Union
    • English became the only recognize language
  • 1847 – The Terrible Year
    • the potato crop in Ireland failed & the Irish had nothing to eat so 100 000 came to Canada
    • a typhus epidemic broke out on the ships & thousands of people died on the voyage to Canada

Wednesday, 10 January 2018

Grade 7 Social Studies - Week of January 8 to 12

Next Tuesday, January 16th, Current Events duotangs are due.  Students had time in class to complete the work, however, they should review their work.  The following assignments must be completed:
  • Winter Games in Pyeongchang
  • New Delhi Blanketed by Smog
  • The Downfall of Robert Mugabe
  • What is Black Friday?
  • Sheilah Martin Joins Canada's Supreme Court
  • Bitcoin's Ups and Downs
  • Kids Around the World - Poland
I encourage parents to work on these Current Events booklets with their child throughout the year:
  • have discussions with your child and assist them in broadening their answers to the questions
  • check your child's work for spelling mistakes, and have your child correct them
  • check your child's work for proper punctuation
  • make sure that your child has used capital letters at the beginning of all sentences, as well as with the names of specific places and people
This contribution can help your child to recognize where he or she is making common mistakes.  By correcting those mistakes, he/she can hand in the best possible work which will help to achieve a better grade in Social Studies.

Thursday, 21 December 2017

Grade 7 Social Studies - Week of December 18 to 22

This week, we are completing Chapter 5 (War and Peace) from the textbook.  Students will be handing in their duotangs for grading on Tuesday, January 9th.  The study guide is worth twenty points, so be sure to complete it while preparing for the test.

On Tuesday, January 9th, we will have our Chapter 5 Test about War and Peace.  The following items will be tested:

Vocabulary:
  • Acadian
  • assimilate
  • bias
  • bilingualism
  • Canadien
  • fact
  • fortress
  • Francophone
  • neutral
  • opinion
  • siege
  • superpower
  • treaty
Also, know the following agreements:
·        The Treaty of Paris, 1763
o   British gained control over what had been New France
o   France gave up any claim to Quebec or any other part of North America
o   France received Guadeloupe, a sugar-producing island in the Caribbean
o   France retained the tiny islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon near the coast of Newfoundland
·        The Royal Proclamation of 1763
o   British tried to assimilate the Canadien into their colony
o   gave recognition to the First Nations because the British set aside a huge area of land for them, west of the Appalachian Mountains
·        The Quebec Act of 1774
o   replaced The Royal Proclamation, after Canadien’s refused to assimilate
o   French language rights were recognized
o   French seigneurial system remained in place
o   Catholics were given freedom of religion and were allowed to hold government jobs

Finally, know and understand the important ways that British and French differed during this time:
  • British:
    • changed the colony name from Acadia to Nova Scotia and were unhappy when the Acadians would not swear their loyalty to the British
    • their navy had a reputation for being the most powerful one in Europe
    • had a desire to gain control of the very profitable fishing industry in the Atlantic region
    • George Washington led a force for the British when they tried to take over the Ohio River Valley
    • Major-General James Wolfe was the British commander who led the troops into battle on the Plains of Abraham
    • defeated the French, but used the Royal Proclamation of 1763 to attempt to assimilate the Canadiens
  • French:
    • known as “Canadiens”
    • had many First Nations allies/friends
    • built a strong fortress at Louisbourg
    • only had one entry into the colony via the St. Lawrence River
    • they were victims of the Great Deportation in 1755
    • had Quebec as the center of their North American power
    • Marquis de Montcalm was the French commander who led the troops into battle on the Plains of Abraham
    • lost to the British at the Plains of Abraham, and had to give up any claim to Qu├ębec/North America after the Treaty of Paris was signed

Thursday, 7 December 2017

Grade 7 Social Studies - Week of December 4 to 8

This week, we are completing Chapter 4 (Competition for Trade) from the textbook.  Students will be handing in their duotangs for grading on Thursday, December 14th.  The study guide is worth twenty points, so be sure to complete it while preparing for the test.

On Thursday, December 14th, we will have our Chapter 4 Test about Competition for Trade.  The following items will be tested:

Vocabulary:
  • Barter
  • Canoe
  • Ethnocentric
  • Merchant
  • Metis
  • Nor’Wester
  • Portage
Also, know the following people, concepts or places:
·         Advantages of building forts along Hudson Bay
o   Close to fur supplies
o   Easy access for large ships
o   Furs were better quality
o   Many rivers flow into it—good transportation route
·         Benefits of a canoe
o   Easy to portage
o   Easy to travel on small rivers
o   Lasted long journeys
o   Lightweight
o   Sturdy & durable
·         Buffalo herds
·         Coureurs de Bois – also known as traders, voyageurs, runner of the woods, explorer
·         Colbert
·         European goods that the First Nations valued:
o   axes
o   blankets
o   cloth
o   copper wire
o   guns
o   knives
o   pots
o   thread
·         First Nations helped the Europeans survive by:
o   dress for the weather & learn about the land
o   find food
o   prepare cedar bark tea to prevent scurvy
·         First Nations women contributed to the fur trade by:
o   collecting supplies
o   fish nets
o   making clothes
o   preparing furs
o   teaching language & geographical skills
·         Fort Chipewyan
·         Fort Whoop-Up
·         Frontenac
·         Talon
·         The Great Peace of Montreal

Finally, know and understand how the various peoples of North America:
  • Worked together in the fur trade
  • Competed against each other in the fur trade

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Grade 7 Social Studies - Week of November 14 to 17

On Wednesday, November 22, 2017, we will have our Chapter 3 Test about "The British in North America."  The following items will be tested:

Vocabulary:
  • Chebucto
  • Factory (another name for the trading posts)
  • Imperial Country/Imperialism
  • Mercantilism
  • Monopoly
  • New Found Land
    • Giovanni Caboto aka John Cabot
  • Northwest Passage (know 3 facts about the Northwest Passage)
  • Population Growth
  • Sovereignty
  • Treaty of Utrecht
Know the difference between New France versus the 13 Colonies:
  • Goals
  • Climate
  • Employment
  • Religion
  • Trade
Also, know the following people, concepts or places:
  • Acadia – renamed Nova Scotia after the British took it away from the French
  • Atlantic Ocean – the 13 Colonies relied on it for fish
  • Beothuk – how did they become extinct?
  • Hudson Bay
    • major body of water close to Rupert’s Land
    • Pierre Radisson & Sieur des Groseilliers’ exploration of Hudson Bay
  • Mi’kmaq – the French urged them to make life difficult for the British; & the British were urged to kill the Mi’kmaq
  • Rupert’s Land
  • Resources sent to England from the 13 Colonies:
    • Corn
    • Fur
    • Grain
    • Lumber/timber
    • Iron Ore
    • Tobacco
  • Finished goods sent from Britain to the 13 Colonies:
    • Cloth
    • Furniture
    • Guns
    • Pots & Pans
Finally, for each of the following explorers know the area where they travelled in North America; along with what their goals were; and who they came into contact with in the new world:
  • Henry Kelsey
  • Anthony Henday
  • Samuel Hearne
  • Matonabee
  • James Cook
  • George Vancouver
Students will be handing in their duotangs for grading on Wednesday, November 22.  The study guide is worth twenty points, so be sure to complete it while preparing for the test.

Thursday, 9 November 2017